Within the growing healthcare ICT (information and communication technologies) market worldwide, the United States of America is currently the largest market. Healthcare ICT in the U.S. is significantly more advanced than in Japan, and in the past two decades this healthcare ICT infrastructure has developed, in part, through trial and error by numerous startups and young companies. Since the Obama Administration enacted the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act OF 2009 (ARRA) there have been rapid advancements in this field, brought on by enhanced government support of management and processing capabilities in healthcare using ICT. The ARRA incentives for healthcare ICT commenced implementation in 2011, and with the adoption of healthcare systems such as electronic medical record (EMR), it is anticipated that vendors will see a significant increase in business opportunities this year. In addition, accelerated adoption of systems that are aimed at preventing medical mistakes resulting from inappropriate data handling, such as misreading of prescription and misplacement of patient data, have also been targeted for increased support.