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Title: 中国における農業へのICT利活用
Updated: 2011/11/16
Category: 市場環境分野
Areas: 中国

中国における農業へのICT利活用

本稿では「中国における農業へのICT利活用の実例」を複数紹介する。衛星やSMSを活用した例が含まれる。中国の農業への今後のICT利活用動向は、農地大規模化を志向模索する日本にとっても示唆があると考えられ、継続的に注目すべきものがある。

According to figures from China’s Ministry of Agriculture, the nation’s food self-sufficiency rate is estimated at approximately 95%, seemingly much higher than the 40% of Japan. However, considering China’s much larger population (approx. 1.35 billion people), this calculation leads to the conclusion that many millions of people depend on imported food. Consequently, both countries can considered to be sharing the same solemn problem of depending upon stable food procurement from external sources.
Drawing upon the fact of having land being held as public property (Article 10 of the Constitution), China has naturally drawn upon large-scale cultivation carried out by legal entities, such as companies and villages, in order to secure a high level of constant food supply for its large population. The most recent 5-year Plan (2011-2015) commences by taking up the issue of agriculture as a focus of government attention. As an addition, and indicated by the formation of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China has adopted a strategy of empowering various industries, not only agriculture, by utilizing ICT.
In this report, the author introduces several actual examples of ICT utilization, such as satellite technology and SMS, being employed in Chinese agriculture production. Such developments are suggestive that trends in this field in China may hold valuable lessons for Japan as it comes to grips with the challenges of large-scale cultivation. These are trends worth keeping a close eye upon in the future.

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